COMMENTARY TO TABLE OF SO-CALLED "IMMUNITY FOPMULAS"

It is impossible to think, that the same immunities can be given to 1, 2, 4 and 1000 brahmanas - for 1 village, 2 village and the little piece of land.

On the other hand, it is clear from the table, that we have in Vakataka inscriptions FORMULA of immunities (the same privilleges, in the same order are included practically in ALL grants). Therefore, undersanding of this part of grants cannot be as the enumeration of "real" immunities granted to different recippients. There are no occasions to look for this information as for unreal, but only as the formula, which must be included in every land-grant.

No recipient(s) donation(s) Introduction to formula So-called "Immunities Formula"

PRAKRIT GRANT, FORM OF FORMULA DEVELOPPED

27. 14 brahmanas 1/2 of village's land puvva-rÓyÓÝumate cÓtuvvejja-ggÓma-majjÓtÓ-parihÓre vitarÓma tajathÓ (10)a-karada (1)ara˛˛a-saývviÝeyika
(8)a-bhańa-ppÓvesa
(5)a-pÓrampara-go-balivardda
(11)a-vaha
 
(3) a-hiraÝÝa-dhÓÝÝa-
ppaÝaya-ppadeya
(6)a-vÓra-siddhika
(4)a-pupha-kkŔra-ggahaÝi (2)a-lavaÝa-kleÝÝa-khÓtaka
(7)a-cammaŕgÓlaka
(9)a-kha˛˛Ó-collaka-veÝesika
(13) sa-kutuppÓnta |
sa-maŃca-mahÓkaraÝa
sÓvvajÓti-parihÓra-parihitaŃ (12)sa-nidhi  sopanidhi  

EARLIEST SANSKRIT GRANT, SMALL VAR. IN ORDER (1-3-4-5-2-6-7)

3. 1 brahman 1 village pˇrvva-
rÓjj-ÓnumatÓý-
¨cÓtra cÓturvidy-ÓgrahÓra-parŔhÓrÓn-vitarÓmas tad-yath   (1)Óbha˛a-chatra-prÓve¨ya§ (3) a-pÓrampara§ (4) a-pa¨u-medhya§ (5) a-pu°pa-k°Ŕra-sandoha§ (2) a-cÓr-Ósana-carmmÓŕgÓra-kliÝva-kreÝi-khÓnaka§     (6)sa-nidhis-sopanidhis (7)sa-k­pt-opak­pta§

SMALL VAR. IN ORDER (1-2-3-4-5-8-9-6-7)

14. 1 brahman 400 nivartanas in 1 village pˇrvvarÓj-ÓnumatÓý cÓturvvaidy-ÓgrahÓra-maryyÓdÓn-vitarÓma§ tadyathÓ (1)akaradÓyŔ (2)abha˛a-cchÓtra-prÓve¨ya§ (3)apÓraýpara-gobalŔvardda§   (4)apu°pa-k°Ŕra-sandoha§ (5)acÓrÓ-sanacarmm-ÓŕgÓra§ alavaÝa-klinna-kreÝi-khanaka§ (8)sarvvavi°˛i (9)parihÓra-parih­ta§ (6)sanidhi§
sopanidhi§
(7)sakŰpt-opakŰpta§

NORMAL ORDER (14+3 GRANTS)

4. (many) brahmanas  from 1 gotra, living in nagara 1 field with dwelling and 4 villasger's dwellings pˇrvvarÓj-ÓnumatÓŃ cÓturvidyÓ-grÓma-maryÓdÓn-vitarÓmas tad-yathÓ akaradÓyi abha˛a-cchatra-prÓve¨yaý     apu°pa-k°Ŕra-sandohaý acÓrÓ-san-acarmm-ÓŕgÓraý alavaÝa-klinna-kreÝi-khanakaý sarvva-vi°˛i parihÓra-
parih­taý
sanidhÓnaý sopanidhÓnaý sakŰpt-opakŰptam-
5. 1 brahman 1 village pˇrvvarÓj-ÓnumatÓŃ cÓturvvaidya-
grÓma-maryyÓdÓn-vitarÓmas
tadyathÓ akaradÓyi abha˛a-cchatra-prÓve¨ya§ apÓrampara-gobalivardda§   apu°pa-k°Ŕra-sandoha§ acÓrÓ-senacarmm-ÓŕgÓra§ alavaÝa-klinna-klenŔ-khanaka§ sarvva-ve°˛i saparihÓra-parih­ta§ sanidhi§
sopanidhi§
saklipt-opÓklipta§
7. 1 brahman 2 villages pˇrvvarÓj-ÓnumatÓý cÓturvaidya-grÓma-maryyÓdÓn-vitarÓmas tadyathÓ akaradÓyi abha˛a-cchÓtra-prÓve¨yaý apÓrampara-gobalivardda§   apu°pa-k°ira sandoham acÓrÓ-sanacarmm-ÓŕgÓram alavaÝa-klinna-kleÝi-khanaka§ sarvva-ve°˛i parihÓra-parih­ta§ sanidhi§ sopanidhi§ aklipt-opaklipta
8. 1 brahman 1 village pˇrvvarÓj-ÓnumatÓŃ- cÓturvvidya-grÓma-maryyÓdÓny-itarÓmas tadyathÓ akaradÓyŔ abha˛a-cchÓtra-prÓve¨ya§ apÓrampara-gobalŔvardda§   apu°pa-k°Ŕra-sandŔha§ acÓrÓ-sanacarmm-ÓŕgÓra§ alavaÝa-klinna-kreÝi-khanaka§ savvavi°˛i- parihÓra-parih­ta§ sanidhi[§*] sopanidhi§ saklipt-opaklipta§
9. 1000 brahmanas (mentioned 51 "and others") 1 village with 8000 (nivartanas) pˇrvvarÓj-ÓnumatÓý cÓturvaidya-grÓma-maryyÓdÓn-vitarÓmas- tadyathÓ akaradÓyŔ abha˛a-cchÓtra-prÓve¨ya§ apÓrampara-gobalivardda§   apu°pa-k°Ŕra sandoha§ acÓrÓ- sanacarmm-ÓŕgÓra§ alavaÝa-klinna-kreÝi-khanaka§ sarvva-ve°˛i- parihÓra-parŔh­ta§ sanidhi-ssopanidhi§ saklipt-opaklipta§
10. 1 brahman 1 village         abha˛a- cchÓtra-prÓve¨ya§ apÓrampara-gobalivardda§   apu°pa-k°Ŕra-sandoha§ acÓrÓ-sanacarmm-ÓŕgÓra§ alavaÝa-klinna-kreÝi-khanaka§ sarvva-vi°˛i- parihÓra-
parih­ta§
sanidhi§ sopanidhi§ saklipt-opaklipta§
11. 7 brahmanas (father and his 6 sons) 1 village pˇrvvarÓj-ÓnumatÓn cÓturvvaidya-grÓma-maryyÓdÓm-parihÓ vitarÓma§ tadyathÓ akaradÓyŔ abha˛a-cchatra-prÓve¨ya§ apÓraýpara-gobalivardda§   apu°pa-k°Ŕra-sandoha§ acÓrÓ-sanacarmm-ÓŕgÓra§ alavaÝa-klinna-kraÝi-khanaka§ sarvva-vi°˛i- parihÓra-parih­ta§ satidhi§ sopatithi§ akŰpt-opakŰipta§
12. For 1 brahman

 

25 (nivartanas) in 1 village pˇrvva-rÓj-ÓnumatÓý cÓturvvaidya-grÓma-maryyÓdÓ-parihÓr-Órtthan-vitarÓmas tadyathÓ akaradÓyinyau abha˛a-cchatra-prÓve¨ya apÓrampara-gobalŔvardda§   apu°pa-k°Ŕra- sandohau acÓrÓ-sanacarmm-ÓŕgÓrau  alavaÝa-klinna-kkeÝi-khanakau sarvva-ve°˛i- parihÓra-parih­tau sanidhi-ssopanidhŔ sakŰpt-opakŰptau
For 1 brahman 60 (nivartanas) in 1 village
13. 1 brahman 1 village pˇrvvarÓj-ÓnumatÓý cÓturvvaidya-grÓma-maryyÓdÓ-parihÓrÓn-vitarÓma§ tadyathÓ akaradÓyŔ abha˛a-cchÓtra-prÓve¨ya§ apÓraýpara-gobalŔvardda§   apu°pa-k°Ŕra-sandoha§ acÓrÓ-sanacarmm-ÓŕgÓra§ alavaÝa-klinna-kreÝi-khanaka§ sarvva-vi°˛i- parihÓra-parih­ta§ sanidhi§ sopanidhi§ sakŰpt-opakŰpta
16. Temple of Vishnu, for collective use in offerings 400 nivartanas in 1 village pˇrvvarÓj-ÓnumatÓý cÓturvvaidy-ÓgrÓgrahÓra-maryyÓdÓn-vitarÓma§ tadyathÓ akaradÓyŔ abha˛a-
cchÓtra-prÓve¨ya§
apÓraýpara-gobalŔvardda§   apu°pa-k°Ŕra-sandoha§ acÓrÓ-sanacarmm-ÓŕgÓra§ alavaÝa-kkreÝi-khanaka§ sarvva-vi°˛i- parŔhÓra-parih­ta§ sanidhi§ sopanidhi sakŰpt-opakŰpta§
17. Many brahmanas at the head of 3 brahmanas 2000 nivartanas:

 
pˇrvvarÓj-ÓnumatÓ§ cÓturvedya-grÓma-maryyÓdÓm-parihÓr-Órthaý kŔrttayÓmÓ   akaradÓyŔ abha˛a-cchatra-prÓve¨ya apÓraýpara-gobalŔvardda§   apu°pa-k°Ŕra-sandoha§ acÓrÓ-sanacarmm-ÓŕgÓra§ alavaÝa-klinna-kreÝi-khanaka§ sarvva-vi°˛i- parŔhÓra-parih­ta§ sanidhi§ sopanidhi§ saklipt-opaklipta§
1 brahman, mentioned above as the head 25(niv.)+1(for house) - in 1 village;
1 brahman, mentioned above as the head 25(niv.)+1(for house) - in 1 village;
19. 1 brahman 25(niv.) with dwelling - in 1 village; pˇrvvarÓj-ÓnumatÓý cÓturvvedya-grÓma-maryyÓdÓ-parihÓr-Órthaý kŔrttayÓmas tadyathÓ akaradÓyi abha˛a-cchÓtra-prÓve¨ya§ apÓraýpara-gobalŔvardda§   apu°pa-k°Ŕra-saýdoha§ acÓrÓ-sanacarmm-ÓŕgÓra§ alavaÝa-kliýnna-kreÝi-khanaka§ sarvva-ve°˛i- parihÓra-parih­ta§ sanidhi§ sopanidhi§ saklipt-opaklipta§
21. - -         abha˛a¨-chatra-prÓve¨ya§ apÓrampara-gobalŔvardda§   apuXpha-k°Ŕra-sandoha§ apÓrÓsana-carmm-ÓŕgÓra§ alavaÝa-klipto
kreÝi-khanaka§
sarvvavi°˛i- parihÓra-parih­ta§   sapariklipt-opariklipta
26. 2 brahman 1 village pˇrvvarÓj-ÓnumatÓý cÓturvaidya-grÓma-maryyÓdÓ-parihÓrÓn-vitarÓma§ tadyathÓ

 

akaradÓyi abha˛a-cchÓtra-prÓve¨ya§ apÓrampara-gobalŔvardda§   apu°pa-
k°Ŕra-sandoha§
acÓrÓ-sanacarmm-ÓýgÓra§ alavaÝa-kiÝva-kreÝi
khanaka§
sarvvavi°˛i parihÓra-parih­ta§ sanidhih sopanidhih sakŰpt-opakŰpta§

GRANTS WHERE PART OF FORMULA DISPLACED

       displaced to stk. 42-43, after "immunity" formula  find on stk. 34-37, on normal place
18. 25 parts - for temple of Vishnu and 20 brahmanas 300 nivartanas pˇrvvarÓj-ÓnumatÓý chÓturvvedya maryyÓdÓ parihÓrÓn vitarÓma§ tadyathÓ akaradÓyŔ abha˛a-cchÓtra-prÓve¨ya§ apÓrampara-gobalŔvardda§   apu°pa-k°Ŕra-sandoha§ achÓr-asaÝa-
charm-ÓŕgÓra§ alavaÝa-klinna-kleÝi-khanaka§
Ó-sarvva-vi°˛i parihÓra-
parih­ta§
  saparikŰpt-oparikŰpta§
      displaced to stk. 32-34, after "immunity" formula find on stk. 27-29, on normal place
24. 3 brahmanas 1 village pˇrvvarÓj-ÓnumÓtÓŃ cÓturvvaidya-grÓma-maryÓdÓ-parihÓrÓn=vitarÓma§ tadyathÓ akaradÓyŔ abha˛a-cchÓtra-prÓve¨ya§ apÓrampara-gobalŔvardda§   apu°pa-k°Ŕra-sandoha§ acÓrÓ-sanacarmm-ÓŕgÓra§* alavaÝa-kiÝva-kreÝi-khanaka§ sarvvavi°˛i- parihÓra-
parih­ta§
  sapariklipt-opariklipta§
      displaced to stk. 37-38, after "immunity" formula find on stk. 30-33, on normal place
25. 4 brahmanas (svÓmins) 1 village pˇrvvarÓj-ÓnumatÓý cÓturvvaidya-grÓma-maryÓdÓ-parihÓrÓn-vitarÓma§ tadyathÓ akaradÓyŔ abha˛a-cchÓtra-prÓve¨ya§ apÓrampara-
gobalŔvardda
  apu°pa-k°Ŕra-sandoha§ acÓrÓ-sanacarmm-ÓŕgÓra§ alavaÝa-kkriÝa-
khanaka§
sarvvavi°˛i parihÓrah­ta§   sapariklipt-opapari-
kila kŰpta§